The 9th Meeting of the SPRFMO Commission and 8th Compliance and Technical Committee Meeting are to be held remotely from 21 January-3 February 2021.

Briefing Paper


Deep-Sea Fishing, High Seas, New Zealand

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation


21st January 2021

1 December, 2020 – Letter to the President of the Council on Blue Minerals Jamaica Ltd. Application

24 November 2020 – Letters to the ISA on the Silence Procedure

23 November 2020 – Letter to the Secretary-General on Tonga Offshore Mining Ltd Acquisition by DeepGreen Metals Inc.

6 October 2020 – Letter the Finance Committee on ISA Proposal to Charge Observer Fees

22 September 2020 – Letter to the Acting President of the Council on Observers and the Silence Procedure

5 June 2020 – Letter to the Secretary General on ISA Webinars, Transparency and Observer Participation

22 May 2020 – Letter to the Secretary General on India Environmental Impact Assessment Process

Deep-Sea Mining, ISA, Policy, Regulations, Science

International Seabed Authority


20th January 2021

The DSCC and Seas At Risk attended the 39th Annual Meeting of the North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC) held virtually from 10-13 November 2020. Below are their submissions:

  • Opening Statement, available in English

Deep-Sea Fishing, European Union, High Seas, Policy

North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission


10th November 2020

Authors: Susanna Fuller, Duncan Currie, Matthew Gianni, Lyn Goldsworthy, Cassandra Rigby, Kathryn Schleit, Colin Simpfendorfer, Les Watling, Barry Weeber.

16 years have passed since the UNGA first called for States and RFMOs “urgently to adopt … conservation and management measures, in accordance with international law, to address the impact of destructive fishing practices.

This report by the Deep Sea Conservation Coalition (DSCC) reviews the progress made since 2016 and makes recommendations on what more should be done to ensure that both individual high-seas fishing nations and regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs) fully implement the actions called for in UNGA Resolutions 61/105, 64/72, 66/68 and 71/123. It is the latest in a series produced by the DSCC that have been published in advance of the formal reviews conducted by the UNGA.

Although the UNGA review workshop scheduled for August 2020 was postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the information in this report is relevant to RFMO Commission and Scientific Committee meetings taking place over the next 12 months and will help inform the UNGA workshop when it is rescheduled. All documents are available only in English.

Deep-Sea Fishing, European Union, High Seas, New Zealand, Policy, Science

CCAMLR, General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission, North Pacific Fisheries Commission, Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization, South East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation, South Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement, South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation, UNGA


30th October 2020

Willaert, Klaas. “Public participation in the context of deep sea mining: Luxury or legal obligation?.” Ocean & Coastal Management 198 (2020): 105368.

Beyond the boundaries of national jurisdiction, the ocean floor and its minerals are governed by a comprehensive international regime, which determines by whom and under what conditions these natural resources can be prospected, explored and exploited.  The main principles are set out in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Implementation Agreement, while more detailed rules are included in specific regulations of the International Seabed Authority (ISA). The ISA has issued rules for the first phases of deep sea mining activities (prospecting and exploration), but has yet to adopt exploitation regulations. A draft version is however being developed and provides a good indication of the current state of play. With regard to transparency and public participation, significant improvements can be identified, but considering the influence of NGOs and their crucial role as watchdogs, the power of third-party stakeholders can still be deemed fairly limited. This article analyzes the existing principles and available options regarding transparency, public participation and access to justice in all phases of deep sea mining activities, identifies the main weaknesses and suggests possible corrections, all the while assessing whether such provisions should be considered a luxury or rather the implementation of an enforceable legal obligation.


Deep-Sea Mining, ISA, Policy, Science

International Seabed Authority


20th October 2020

The ISA has issued three sets of draft guidelines and standards for deep-sea mining for public comment. These are the ‘Draft guideline on the preparation and assessment of an application for the approval of a Plan of Work for exploitation’; the ‘Draft standard and guidelines on the development and application of environmental management systems’; and the ‘Draft standard and guidelines on the form and calculation of an environmental performance guarantee’.

Below is the Deep Sea Conservation Coalition comments on these draft guidelines and standards.

Deep-Sea Mining, ISA, Policy, Regulations

International Seabed Authority


15th October 2020

The SC8 meeting, hosted by New Zealand, is being held remotely from 3 to 8 October 2020. The Chairperson of the SC is Dr Jim Ianelli (USA) and the Vice Chairperson is Mr Niels Hintzen (EU). All official meeting documents and other relevant information can be found on the SPRFMO SC8 webpage.

Presentations to Deep Water Working Group

Presentations to the Scientific Committee

DSCC Interventions

Deep-Sea Fishing, High Seas, New Zealand, Policy, Science

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation


1st October 2020

The Deep Sea Conservation Coalition’s (DSCC) 2019 Report informs on Fisheries, Deep Seabed Mining and Ocean Governance.

Available in English.

24th September 2020